PISA Gender Study

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Related Publication

The ABC of Gender Equality in Education:
Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence

Compare your country is a service provided by the OECD. You are invited to share this tool or to embed it into your website. OECD Terms and Conditions apply.
While OECD countries have made great progress in narrowing gender gaps in education, new gender disparities in school performance are opening. Six out of ten students who do not even achieve the baseline level of proficiency in reading, mathematics and science are boys.
Percentage of low performers in all PISA subject areas (mathematics, reading, science)
click on table headings to sort countries on a different indicator
Country = Girls = Boys
no fill = gender gap not statistically significant
Girls Boys Gender gap
(girls - boys)
Australia 7.3 10.6 3.3
Austria 9.8 11.6 1.8
Belgium 9.7 13.2 3.5
Canada 4.8 7.4 2.5
Chile 22.5 26.5 4
Czech Republic 7 10.6 3.6
Denmark 8 10.5 2.5
Estonia 2.2 4.2 2.1
Finland 3.3 7.2 3.9
France 10.1 15.2 5.2
Germany 7.1 10.3 3.2
Greece 10.1 21.3 11.2
Hungary 10.7 15.4 4.7
Iceland 9.3 17.6 8.3
Ireland 5.2 8.2 3.1
Israel 12.7 24.3 11.5
Italy 9.4 14 4.6
Japan 4.3 6.5 2.2
Korea 3.1 5.4 2.3
Luxembourg 14.3 14.3 0
Mexico 28.7 32.9 4.2
Netherlands 7.7 9.3 1.6
New Zealand 8.7 13.3 4.6
Norway 7.7 13.9 6.2
Poland 3.7 7.6 3.9
Portugal 9.6 15.2 5.6
Slovak Republic 16.5 20.7 4.1
Slovenia 7.4 12.1 4.8
Spain 8.7 11.8 3.2
Sweden 10.7 19 8.3
Switzerland 6.4 8.4 1.9
Turkey 9.7 20.9 11.3
United Kingdom 10.8 11.3 0.5
United States 8.9 15.2 6.2
OECD average 9.3 13.7 4.4
Albania 35.5 40 4.5
Argentina 37.8 44.8 7
Brazil 37.9 45.6 7.6
Bulgaria 21.6 34.8 13.3
Colombia 41.9 43.8 1.9
Costa Rica 20.6 26.1 5.5
Croatia 7.2 15.8 8.6
Hong Kong-China 3 4.6 1.6
Indonesia 42.2 52.9 10.7
Jordan 25.5 54.6 29
Kazakhstan 25.2 32 6.8
Latvia 5 11.3 6.4
Liechtenstein 6.6 4.7 -1.9
Lithuania 7.6 16.2 8.6
Macao-China 3.5 6.4 3
Malaysia 31.2 41.9 10.7
Montenegro 26.4 44.8 18.3
Peru 50.4 55.3 4.9
Qatar 39.5 60 20.5
Romania 20.1 27.7 7.6
Russian Federation 8.9 13.6 4.7
Serbia 18.9 26.5 7.6
Shanghai-China 1.2 2.1 0.9
Singapore 3.8 7.2 3.4
Chinese Taipei 5 9.4 4.4
Thailand 15.6 32.2 16.6
Tunisia 36 42.9 6.9
United Arab Emirates 18.1 35.9 17.8
Uruguay 32.1 38.4 6.3
Viet Nam 2.8 5.8 2.9